Multiply your plants!

CandideZA
Published on April 12th 2020
51
A plant in a glass bowl
Propagating plants from cuttings is the ideal way to multiply plants in your garden and there is no better time than now, to try it out.
There are a number of ways through which you can propagate plants and also a number of variances like soil and climate that will influence this. However, at the end of the day, the principle remains the same and it’s an easy and free way to multiply some of your plants.
A coral in the sand
Rosemary
It is important to note that not all plants can be grown from cuttings. Trees are particularly difficult whereas plants like succulents or some herbs and perennial plants are rather easy.
Have a look below for a list of plants that you can multiply or propagate and a bit more detailed information about some of them.
If you have a bit more time in your garden, why not try your hand and propagating some plants and experiment with it along the way. You might just end up discovering some new trick that improves your success rate.
Dividing a Clivia plant

Overgrown perennials

These guys are probably some of the most rewarding and generous plants to have in your garden. They are great for multiplying and it's rather easy to do it as well. Lift them out of the soil, neatly split them up with a garden spade and re-plant them in well-manured soil. Remember to keep them moist for the first while to get the roots going!
Have a look at this How-To Guide if you plan to divide or repot your Clivia.
A green plant in a garden
Daylily plant

Hardwood cuttings

Autumn is the perfect time to take hardwood cuttings. Follow our easy How-To Guide below and have a look at some of the plants in the list that is ideal for hardwood cuttings.
A close up of a metal pole

Vegetables

There are a number of vegetables that can be re-grown from the ‘leftover scraps’ in your kitchen, or by just using a part of certain vegetables.
If you are looking for a quick win, try these guys:
If you have a bit more time and patience, try these guys:
A hand holding a green plant
Removing the leaves on the bottom part of lavendar cuttings

Herbs

The best time to take herb cuttings is during the active growth season which is usually between spring and autumn. It is important to note that you should take cuttings from herbs that are not actively flowering. Take a 10 - 15cm softwood cutting in the morning, remove some of the bottom leaves and place your cutting in water. Roots should develop in about 3 weeks after which you plant your cutting in soil. You can also try hormone powder for more ripe cuttings like lavender, lemon verbena, and scented geranium.
A person sitting on a table
Lavender semi-hardwoot cuttings, dipped in hormone powder
A hand holding a flower
Strawberry runners

Runners

A runner is known as a long, leafless stalk hanging or trailing from a plant. Runner plants are ideal for the propagation of new plants. Plant or peg down (with a paperclip or bent piece of wire) the runner plant/stem into a separate container or next to the mother plant in a gardening bed - NOT cutting the stem from the mother plant. Allow this baby plant to grow for about 6 weeks in which it will form a stronger root system and also new leaves. Only then do you cut it off from the main plant.
A close up of a green plant
Hen-And-Chickens
A group of purple flowers
Christmas Cactus at Kew Gardens

Leaf cuttings

Spring and summer are more ideal for taking leaf cuttings, but there are a number of plants you can still make use of, especially succulent plants.
Echeveria leaf cuttings
Succulents you can take leaf cuttings off.
Have a look at our How To Guide below:
A bowl of fruit
Donkey's Tail

Stem cuttings

Stem cuttings save a lot of time. The following succulents will work really well for stem cuttings:
A clear glass with water and wine glasses
Indoor plant cuttings in water

Indoor plants

There is no reason you can't do the same with indoor plants. Some are fantastic for cuttings.
Below are just a few of our favourites from which you can either take 'baby plants' or propagate from stem and/or leaf cuttings:
A close up of a plant
Chinese Money Plant

Share your cutting experiments or tips with us by using the hashtag #propagationisolation!

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