A picture of a Norway Spruce

Norway Spruce

Picea abies

Also known as

Common spruce, Christmas tree, Carpathian spruce, Maxwell spruce, Nest spruce, Spruce

Norway Spruce cones (Picea abies) by MrPanyGoff (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

6a

USDA zone

-23°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

40m

Max

6.5m

20m

Min

5m

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Norway Spruce

Picea abies Cupressina 02
Picea abies-Schwarzerden-Bahnhof-20080530-03
Picea abies Beskid Żywiecki
Picea abies Barryi
Picea abies Cupressina 01

Norway Spruce Overview

Evergreen conifer with a dense, fast growth habit, maximum height is over 30m and this species can spread over 8m wide. Grows into a narrow, conical shape that becomes broader with age. Foliage is shiny, dark green and reduced to needle-like structures measuring around 2.5cm long. These are borne on upper branch surfaces and cones with tapered tops are also produced, measuring around 5cm wide and 15cm long.

Common problems with Norway Spruce

How to propagate Norway Spruce

Cuttings

You can propagate from seeds or cuttings in autumn.

Seed

Grafting

Grafting.

Special features of Norway Spruce

Attracts bees

Other uses of Norway Spruce

Specimen, ornamental fruit. Year-round interest.