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A picture of a Common Reed

Common Reed

Phragmites australis

Also known as

Lutanga, Fluitjiesriet (Afr.), lehlaka (SeSotho), umHlanga (isiZulu), Lutanga (Tshivenda), Reed

Full Sun
Easy care
Frequent watering
Frost Hardy

6a

USDA zone

-23°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

4m

Max

4m

2.5m

Min

2.5m

10 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Common Reed

A photo of Common Reed
A photo of Common Reed
A photo of Common Reed
A photo of Common Reed
A photo of Common Reed

Common Reed Overview

Phragmites australis is a cosmopolitan perennial grass/reed, with grey-green leaves and a light brown to purple inflorescence. The flowers are surrounded by silky white hairs. In late summer to mid-autumn, these glistening, plume-like spikelets are a joy to see. Where conditions are favourable for its growth, Phragmites australis can form large stands, as much as much as 1 square kilometre or more in extent. As a vigorous grass, it produces rhizomes (horizontal runners) which help its spread. It is commonly seen growing well in damp ground, or even in standing water up to 1 metre or so deep. It can also tolerate brackish water, as well as being able to grow by the sea in estuaries or salt marshes, making it a great choice for naturlistic lakeside plantings! ZA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape.

How to propagate Common Reed

Division

Special features of Common Reed

Wind break

Hedge plant

Wet sites