Peppermint

Mentha x piperita

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Peppermint is a herbaceous, upright perennial that is well known for its strong minty aroma from the essential oils found in its pointed oval-shaped leaves. It thrives in damp and wet conditions but It can become invasive like most mint species if not controlled. Plant in a pot or area you can keep under control.

Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer, Autumn

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Fresh mint leaves can be harvested as needed as soon as the plant reaches 10cm in height. To dry, cut stalks just before blooming.

Propagation

Seed

Sow in Spring, depth 6mm; 15 cm apart directly in the ground. Most mints have fairly aggressive roots, so its best to grow them in containers buried in the soil.

Cuttings

Take 5 to 10 cm stem cuttings and place them in moist and well-draining soil in semi-sun. It should root in under two weeks. Transplant into a larger pot a few weeks after the cuttings have rooted.​

Division

Mentha plants are prone to hybridization, therefore,​ division is a good method if you want to preserve a particular aroma.

Special features

Attracts butterflies

Attracts bees

Repels harmful insects

Repels cabbage fly, ants, cabbage looper and aphids.

Pot plant

Often used as an ornamental plant. Because it grows so aggressive, it is a good idea to contain it in a buried pot.

Special features

Origin

Southern and Western Europe

Natural climate

Southern and Western Europe

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Wet

Soil type

Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand, Bark, Compost, Water, Rockwool

Soil PH preference

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Tender

Personality

Family

Lamiaceae

Flower colour

Purple, White

Scent

Mild

Companion plants