Choose a country to see content specific to your location

A picture of a Tulip Tree

Tulip Tree

Liriodendron tulipifera

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Half-hardy

4a-9b

USDA zone

-34°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

30m

Max

15m

20m

Min

8m

50 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images

A photo of Tulip Tree
A photo of Tulip Tree
A photo of Tulip Tree
A photo of Tulip Tree
A photo of Tulip Tree

Overview

Liriodendron tulipifera is a fast-growing, low-maintenance ornamental tree. Commonly known as the tulip tree for its large tulip-like yellow flowers in the summer as well as its foliage which its shape is also reminiscent of the shape of a tulip flower from the side. The foliage has a is a soft green with a lovely glossy texture that turns golden and coppery in the autumn. The bark is grey and corky which can form intricate patterns in more mature specimens.

Common problems

Generally pest and disease free.

    Harvesting

    Seed pods can be harvested in autumn once they are ripe.

    Propagation

    Seed

    Seed requires stratification before it will germinate. This can be done by sowing outside during mid/late autumn in a cold frame or by keeping the seeds in a sealed bag with vermiculite in the fridge over winter. Bagged seeds will need to be checked on regularly for fungal growth and germination. Once germinated, plant out into individual pots. They may require being grown in a glasshouse for their first winter after which they can be planted out in their permanent position.

    Special Features

    Attracts bees

    Attractive leaves

    Autumn colour

    Attractive flowers

    Produces large tulip-like flowers that are a buttery yellow with orange-green highlights in the centre.

    Uses

    Lumber

    The lumber is often used for furniture making as it is a nice hardwood and the trees grow quickly and so are ideal for timber production.