Choose a country to see content specific to your location

A picture of a Holly

Holly

Ilex aquifolium

Also known as

English Holly, Christmas holly, Hulver bush

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Frost Hardy

7a

USDA zone

-18°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

20m

Max

8m

12m

Min

4m

25 years to reach maturity

Fruiting

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Holly

Ilex aquifolium flowers
A photo of Holly
Ilex-aquifolium (Europaeische Stechpalme-1)
A photo of Holly
A photo of Holly

Holly Overview

Ilex aquifolium is a beautiful, slow-growing, medium-sized tree or shrub species in the Aquifoliaceae family. This plant is dioecious and thus produces male and female flowers on individual plants, which are similar in appearance. Female flowers have a visible green ovary in the centre of their blooms (which appears as a small bump), and male flowers have 4 yellow stamens. The leaves are dark green, stiff and glossy with sharp spiked edges. In the spring, delicate white flowers are followed by bright red, glossy berries on pollinated female plants, these are a very popular food source for birds!

Common problems with Holly

How to propagate Holly

Seed

You can propagate by seeds in the spring.

Cuttings

Semi-ripe cuttings from late summer to early winter.

Special features of Holly

Attracts bees

Attracts birds

Attractive flowers

Hedge plant

Other uses of Holly

Hedging. Winter interest. Suitable for coastal conditions.

Hedge Plants – Top 20

Not sure which type of hedge to grow, these can all provide additional interest.

Explore all