Holly

Ilex aquifolium

English Holly

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Ilex aquifolium is a beautiful, slow-growing, medium-sized tree or shrub species in the Aquifoliaceae family. This plant is dioecious and thus produces male and female flowers on individual plants, which are similar in appearance. Female flowers have a visible green ovary in the centre of their blooms (which appears as a small bump), and male flowers have 4 yellow stamens. The leaves are dark green, stiff and glossy with sharp spiked edges. In the spring, delicate white flowers are followed by bright red, glossy berries on pollinated female plants, these are a very popular food source for birds!
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Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Summer, Spring

Fruiting time

Autumn, Winter

Special features

Attracts bees

Attracts birds

Attractive flowers

Special features

Origin

Europe, Eurasia

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Dry

Soil type

Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Personality

Family

Aquifoliaceae

Flower colour

White

Scent

None
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Knowledge and advice

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