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A picture of a Holly


Ilex aquifolium

Also known as

English Holly, Christmas holly, Hulver bush

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Frost Hardy


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








25 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Holly

A photo of Holly
A photo of Holly
A photo of Holly
A photo of Holly
A photo of Holly

Holly Overview

Ilex aquifolium is a beautiful, slow-growing, medium-sized tree or shrub species in the Aquifoliaceae family. This plant is dioecious and thus produces male and female flowers on individual plants, which are similar in appearance. Female flowers have a visible green ovary in the centre of their blooms (which appears as a small bump), and male flowers have 4 yellow stamens. The leaves are dark green, stiff and glossy with sharp spiked edges. In the spring, delicate white flowers are followed by bright red, glossy berries on pollinated female plants, these are a very popular food source for birds!

Common problems with Holly

How to propagate Holly


You can propagate by seeds in the spring.


Semi-ripe cuttings from late summer to early winter.

Special features of Holly

Attracts bees

Attracts birds

Attractive flowers

Hedge plant

Other uses of Holly

Hedging. Winter interest. Suitable for coastal conditions.

Pollinator Friendly Plants for Summer

Native summer flowering plants that provide the best habitat, shelter and food for pollinators.

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Plants to Deter Cats

Use these plants to dissuade cats from disturbing certain areas in your garden.

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