Giant Hogweed

Heracleum mantegazzianum

profile iconHeracleum mantegazzianum - Berce du Caucase 1
by Marie-Claire (CC BY-SA 3.0)
1 of 17
A green Heracleum mantegazzianum giant hogweed plant growing wild
profile iconHeracleum mantegazzianum - Berce du Caucase 1
by Marie-Claire (CC BY-SA 3.0)
1 of 17
Heracleum mantegazzianum is the species commonly known as giant hogweed, it typically grows over 2m in height. This poisonous, giant, perennial has large divided leaves and thick, hairy, ribbed stems covered with reddish-purple markings. Green-white flowers appear in late summer, these are arranged on structures called umbels. These are clusters which radiate from a central stem point, producing flowers on stalks of roughly equal length, to form a flattened or slightly rounded, horizontal surface of blooms. It is now an offence to plant or encourage certain species in this genus such as giant hogweed to grow in the wild in the UK. Easily confused with the related species Heracleum sphondylium, commonly called hogweed, these plants grow to notably different sizes, but are tricky to distinguish. Plant size is the best identifier, this species grows much larger compared to hogweed. The leaf shape also differs slightly between these species. For this plant, giant hogweed, the leaves are more textured, pointed and in a three-dimensional arrangement and in hogweed, the leaves are generally arranged in a flat, single plane.
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Related Plants

Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Generally not hrvested

Special features

Origin

Caucasus, Eurasia

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Chalk, Clay, Loam, Peat, Sand

Soil PH preference

Alkaline, Neutral, Acid

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Uses

Notes

Can be grown as an architectural plant in flower borders but remove (wearing appropriate safety clothing) all spent flower heads before they set seed.

Personality

Family

Apiaceae

Flower colour

Green, White

Scent

Mild
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