Foeniculum vulgare is known as Fennel, it can be grown as an ornamental or as a culinary herb. With its finely divided foliage and attractive yellow flowers, it encourages all kinds of wildlife to a garden from pollinators such as bees and butterflies to birds that eat the seed. Fennel has a strong aniseed flavour that is used in a variety of food products including soups and pesto and the seeds can be used in curries.
How to harvest Fennel
Bulbs can be harvested 20 days after earthing up. Cut the bulb at the base to encourage regrowth.
How to propagate Fennel
Sow in early spring in situ for best results. Seeds require a light covering of soil and to be spaced around 30 cm apart.
Divide in March as the new growth emerges.
Special features of Fennel
Attracts useful insects
Repels harmful insects
Other uses of Fennel
It has a fragrance and it can be used for foliage or for ornamental used but it is also used as a vegetable. Suitable for coastal conditions. Attracts butterflies
The seeds are used as a spice whereas the shoots and bulbs are used as a vegetable.