Choose a country to see content specific to your location

A picture of a Fennel

Fennel

Foeniculum vulgare

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Tender

5a-10b

USDA zone

-29°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

1.8m

Max

60cm

1.2m

Min

30cm

5 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a strong fragrance

More images of Fennel

A photo of Fennel
A photo of Fennel

Fennel Overview

Foeniculum vulgare is known as Fennel, it can be grown as an ornamental or as a culinary herb. With its finely divided foliage and attractive yellow flowers, it encourages all kinds of wildlife to a garden from pollinators such as bees and butterflies to birds that eat the seed. Fennel has a strong aniseed flavour that is used in a variety of food products including soups and pesto and the seeds can be used in curries.

How to harvest Fennel

Bulbs can be harvested 20 days after earthing up. Cut the bulb at the base to encourage regrowth.

How to propagate Fennel

Seed

Sow in early spring in situ for best results. Seeds require a light covering of soil and to be spaced around 30 cm apart.

Division

Divide in March as the new growth emerges.

Special features of Fennel

Attracts butterflies

Attracts bees

Attracts birds

Attracts useful insects

Repels harmful insects

Repels aphids

Other uses of Fennel

Edible

The seeds are used as a spice whereas the shoots and bulbs are used as a vegetable.

Herbs - Top 20

Our choice of the best herbs to grow near the kitchen and have on hand for everyday use.

Explore all