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A picture of a Common Beech

Common Beech

Fagus sylvatica

Fagus sylvatica 'atropurpurea pendula' leaves 01 by Line1 by Liné1 (CC-BY-SA-3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Frost Hardy

4a-7b

USDA zone

-34°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

40m

Max

15m

18m

Min

10m

50 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images

Fagus sylvatica flower kz1
Rotbuche Bucheckern 2011
Buchecker
A photo of Common Beech
A photo of Common Beech

Overview

Fagus sylvatica is a large deciduous tree that has attractive textured foliage which can be mistaken for Hornbeam. Where the Fagus stands out against the Hornbeam is in its ability to retain its leaves during the winter in its juvenile stage. The leaves still turn brown but do not detach from the stems. This makes the Fagus excel at being a hedging plant, as the trimming required to keep it as a hedge also keep the Fagus in its juvenile stage, causing your hedge to turn a lovely golden brown during the winter months while still acting as a hedge.

Common problems

Beech bark disease, canker, grey squirrels.

Harvesting

Not generally harvested

Propagation

Seed

Seeds require stratifying before the will germinate. This can be done by planting the seed in compost during mid to late autumn and leaving in a cold frame. The other method is to put it into a sealed bag with some moist vermiculite and put that into the fridge over winter. The bag method requires regular checks for fungal growth and germination.

Cuttings

Hardwood cuttings are the best form of vegetative propagation for Fagus sylvatica

Special Features

Hedge plant

Winter colour

Attractive leaves