Cardoon

Cynara cardunculus

profile iconCynara cardunculus HRM
by Cillas (CC BY-SA 4.0)
1 of 8
A close up of a purple Cynara cardunculus flower in a garden
profile iconCynara cardunculus HRM
by Cillas (CC BY-SA 4.0)
1 of 8
Cynara cardunculus is also known by the names Globe Artichoke, Cardoon and Prickly Artichoke. It is a herbaceous perennial species in the daisy family, Asteraceae (Asteraceae). Typically growing to around 2.5m tall, this species produces spiky, semi-divided silver-grey leaves up to a metre long. Flowers are large and showy, coloured purple and they are thistle-like in appearance. These appear from late summer-autumn. This species has earnt a Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Award of Garden Merit. It is also part of the RHS “Plants for Pollinators” initiative to showcase plants which support pollinator populations by providing ample amounts of nectar and/ or pollen. A great choice for encouraging pollinating insect wildlife into your garden!

Planning

Flowering time

Summer, Autumn

Propagation

Cuttings

Take root cuttings in winter.

Special features

Attracts useful insects

Attracts butterflies

Attracts bees

Attractive flowers

Special features

Origin

Mediterranean

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Dry

Soil type

Chalk, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Personality

Family

Asteraceae

Flower colour

Pink, Purple