A picture of a Cardoon

Cardoon

Cynara cardunculus

Also known as

Globe artichoke

Cynara cardunculus HRM by Cillas (CC BY-SA 4.0)

Full Sun
Light watering
Frost Hardy

8a

USDA zone

-12°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

2.5m

Max

1.5m

1.5m

Min

1m

3 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Cardoon

Cynara cardunculus (Kalmthout) 2
Kardoen (Cynara cardunculus), Locatie De Kruidhof 03
Patch of Cynara cardunculus in flower
Artichaut Agonac

Cardoon Overview

Cynara cardunculus is also known by the names Globe Artichoke, Cardoon and Prickly Artichoke. It is a herbaceous perennial species in the daisy family, Asteraceae (Asteraceae). Typically growing to around 2.5m tall, this species produces spiky, semi-divided silver-grey leaves up to a metre long. Flowers are large and showy, coloured purple and they are thistle-like in appearance. These appear from late summer-autumn. This species has earnt a Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Award of Garden Merit. It is also part of the RHS “Plants for Pollinators” initiative to showcase plants which support pollinator populations by providing ample amounts of nectar and/ or pollen. A great choice for encouraging pollinating insect wildlife into your garden!

Common problems with Cardoon

How to propagate Cardoon

Seed

Cuttings

Take root cuttings in winter.

Suckers

Plant suckers about 1 m apart in early spring.

Special features of Cardoon

Attracts useful insects

Attracts butterflies

Attracts bees

Attractive flowers

Other uses of Cardoon

Culinary