Cauliflower

Brassica oleracea var. botrytis (Botrytis Group)

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Brassica oleracea var. botrytis is a plant variety commonly called Cauliflower, from which the widely consumed vegetable cauliflower is produced. Cauliflower is a cool-season annual vegetable. Grown for its premature flower buds, which are also known as a curd. This is coloured off-white, but can be purple, green or orange, with some cultivars producing these curds in complex fractal patterns. Cauliflower is grown and eaten as a cooked vegetable that contains high levels of vitamins C and K.

Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Winter, Spring

Fruiting time

Summer

Harvesting

Once the heads have grown to the appropriate size they should be cut at the base and removed. They should be harvested while the heads are still firm, once they loosen they have gone too far.

Propagation

Seed

Sow the seed thinly, at approximately 2cm deep into a prepared seedbed. Seeds will need to be thinned to a final spacing of 30.

Special features

Winter colour

Drought resistant

Can result in smaller heads.

Special features

Origin

India

Natural climate

Cool

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Chalk, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Alkaline

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Uses

Edible

Often eaten as a cooked vegetable or finely sliced raw into salads. It is high in both Vitamin C and K.

Personality

Family

Brassicaceae

Flower colour

White

Scent

Mild