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A picture of a Norfolk Island Pine

Norfolk Island Pine

Araucaria heterophylla

Also known as

House pine

Araucaria heterophylla in New Zealand by Symac (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








50 years to reach maturity


This plant has no fragrance

More images of Norfolk Island Pine

A photo of Norfolk Island Pine
A photo of Norfolk Island Pine
A photo of Norfolk Island Pine

Norfolk Island Pine Overview

Araucaria heterophylla is an evergreen tree from the Araucariaceae family that is commonly grown as a houseplant in the UK. On its native island in the Pacific, it grows into a striking tree. A cousin of the equally interesting Monkey Puzzle, this species is also known as Norfolk Island Pine. This species has become a popular indoor tree for large containers. It can be found in warmer climates It will eventually grow to a height of up to 40m, these trees can produce a striking effect. They have a graceful form; their leaves are needle-like and curve inwards around their branch. It is a great indoor conifer and will do well in a bright position, growing into a small tree. Soft needles cover the tiered branches and stem giving the plant the appearance of an exotic Christmas tree. To restrict the growth keep slightly pot bound.

Common problems with Norfolk Island Pine

How to harvest Norfolk Island Pine

Generally not harvested.

How to propagate Norfolk Island Pine


Seed sown in seedbed as soon as ripe


Take cuttings from vertical branches in midsummer, if cuttings are taken from horizontal branches they will not form upright trees.

Special features of Norfolk Island Pine

Indoor plant

Attractive leaves

Other uses of Norfolk Island Pine

In warmer climates use as a large specimen tree in the UK it is used to provide architectural in conservatories or bright indoor rooms.