Also known as
African Basil, East Indian Basil, Fever Plant, Shrubby Basil, Mosquito Plant, Tree Basil
Ocimum gratissimum Afrikan Basil ევგენოლის რეჰანი by Lazaregagnidze (CC BY-SA 4.0)
This plant has a strong fragrance
More images of Clove Basil
Clove Basil Overview
Ocimum gratissimum is a larger than average basil variety, hence the nickname, Tree Basil. It is also known by the name African basil. This plant is very aromatic, the oils in the leaves give off an intense clove aroma with the occasional notes of Thyme. Mature plants develop edible, white flowers that have a slightly feathery appearance and are bitter compared to the sweet and spicy leaves.
Common problems with Clove Basil
Generally problem free.
Clove Basil Companion Plants
How to harvest Clove Basil
Whole plants are cut just before flowering begins and dried or distilled for oil. Leaves are picked during the growing season, harvest mature leaves and flower spikes for fresh use at any time. To dry the leaves, cut bushes at the base and hang out of direct light, then store in an airtight container in a cool place.
How to propagate Clove Basil
Sow seed in situ in spring when frosts have passed and the soil has warmed up, or into trays indoors. Plant out when the temperatures warm up.
Take soft wood cuttings in spring, root with rooting hormone and bottom heat. Or place in a glass of water until rooted.
Special features of Clove Basil
Edible sweet leaves