Cordyline

Cordyline spp.

Cabbage Palm, Cabbage Tree

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Cordylines - or Cabbage Palms - are large perennials that resemble palm trees and are grown in warmer climates as specimen plants in borders or courtyard gardens. When young, they can be grown indoors as a houseplant. Also known as Cabbage Trees, their leaves are long and leathery and grow in tufts or rosettes. Their unusual and sweetly scented cup-shaped flowers are borne on large stems above the foliage and are followed by small white, red, blue or purple berries. Cordyline is a genus of around 20 species of evergreen shrubs and tree-like, woody, flowering plants that can give architectural interest and a tropical feel to just about any garden. They are reasonably easy to grow and are tolerant of some shade and most soil types. Cordyline australis is popular in southern parts of the UK where it is often warm enough to grow Cabbage Palms outdoors.

Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer

Harvesting

Generally not harvested.

Propagation

Division

Remove well rooted suckers in spring.

Seed

Sow seeds in spring.

Special features

Indoor plant

Under glass, grow green-leaved species in full light and species with colored foliage in bright filtered or indirect light. Water sparingly in winter.

Pot plant

Use pots sized according to the species. Plant in well-drained potting mix, but keep the mix moist.

Attractive leaves

Special features

Origin

S.E. Asia

Natural climate

Temperate

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Loam, Chalk, Clay, Sand

Soil PH preference

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Tender

Personality

Family

Asparagaceae

Flower colour

Cream, White

Scent

Mild