Stock

Matthiola incana

Gillyflower, Brompton Stock

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1 of 2
M. incana - commonly known as Stocks - has many cultivars and is a perennial with narrow, grey-green foliage and a woody base. Flowers are borne on spikes of sweet-scented pink, mauve, purple, violet or white flowers which some say smell like cloves. Stocks are widely grown as annual or biennial bedding plants in gardens, and commercially as cut flowers. They make good additions to a sunny border and add colour from Spring to Summer in milder climates.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer, Spring

Fruiting time

Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Flowers can be cut for the vase, pick when the first flowers on the stem have opened, the rest will continue to open.

Propagation

Seed

Sow seed early to mid summer in trays and plant our in early autumn. Use a standard seedling potting mix.

Special features

Attractive flowers

Attracts bees

Special features

Origin

Europe, Asia, Africa, Mediterranean region

Natural climate

Temperate

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Chalk, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Alkaline

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Uses

Cut flower

The tall varieties are grown on large scale for the cut flower industry.

Ornamental

The shorter or bedding varieties are grown for use in gardens.

Personality

Family

Brassicaceae

Flower colour

Pink, Purple, Cream, White

Scent

Strong

Problems

Seedlings prone to damping off

Companion plants

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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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