Poinsettia

Euphorbia pulcherrima

Christmas Flower, Mexican Flame Leaf

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Euphorbia pulcherrima is a shrub or small tree species from the Euphorbiaceae family. Mostly grown as a potted indoor plant, it is especially popular at Christmas time due to the attractive leaves. Most of the foliage is made up of dark green leaves measuring between 7-16cm long. Brightly coloured modified leaf structures, termed bracts, are often mistaken for flower petals because of their red colour and arrangement. Poinsettia can be grown outdoors in frost-free regions and it may reach 0.6-4m in height.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Autumn, Winter

Harvesting

Generally not harvested.

Propagation

Cuttings

Take basal stem cuttings from late spring-early summer, dip ends in warm water to stop bleeding, root in well-draining seedling mix.

Special features

Indoor plant

Excellent indoor plants but need uninterrupted long darkness followed by good light in autumn to produce coloured bracts.

Pot plant

Provide good drainage and airflow, but keep soil moist.

Autumn colour

Colourful bracts appear in late autumn and winter.

Special features

Origin

Central America, Mexico

Natural climate

Tropical

Environment

Light

Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Loam, Compost

Soil PH preference

Neutral

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Ornamental

Poinsettia is grown for the potted plant industry and is widely used as a Christmas decoration.

Personality

Family

Euphorbiaceae

Flower colour

Green, Yellow

Scent

None
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Knowledge and advice

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