Staghorn Fern

Platycerium spp.

Elkhorn Fern, Takbokvaring (Afr.)

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Platycerium is a genus of about 18 fern species, it is epiphytic and is native to tropical and temperate areas. These ferns with their odd shape grow on trees and rocks and are commonly cultivated in tropical gardens, where they are grown for their attractive often elegant foliage. They do not produce flowers, but reproduce via spores that are formed on the underside of the antler-like leaves.
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Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Harvesting

Generally not harvested

Propagation

Seed

Sow spores when ripe (brown) on well draining medium.

Division

Detach plantlets produced from root tips or runners as soon as nests have formed.

Special features

Indoor plant

Plants need bright indirect light and moisture to thrive.

Pot plant

Mount on a piece of wood or in a basket, add a little mound of peat, compost or other organic matter piled up under the plant, tie the plant onto the growing medium with panty hose or plant strips.

Special features

Origin

South America, Africa, Southeast Asia, Australia, New Guinea

Natural climate

Sub-tropical, Temperate

Environment

Light

Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Loam, Peat

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Ornamental

Grown for their unusual fronds in trees or mounted on plaques and hung indoors.

Personality

Family

Polypodiaceae

Scent

None

Problems

The plant is prone to the fungal disease black spot, do not water over the foliage and minimize humidity indoors to prevent the disfiguring spores. Scale insects can also be a problem.

Related Problems

Companion plants

Can be mounted into various trees.
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Knowledge and advice

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