syn. Caesalpinia ferrea, Brazilian ironwood (Eng.), Luiperdboom (Afr.)
Grown in gardens for the dappled shade it provides and its beautiful trunk. The smooth bark exfoliates easily but incompletely, often leaving large dark brown patches against a light background, the reason for the common name. In moderate climates that experience light frost or dry summer climates, the leopard tree is not a giant and ideal for small gardens, but if you plant it in climates similar to its natural subtropical habitat, the leopard tree grows to 15 m tall with an aggressive root system that mirrors the size of the tree above the ground. It is deciduous in cold climates.