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Haworthia

Haworthia spp.

Dwarf Aloe (Eng.), Dwergaalwyn (Afr.)

Genus of over 150 species of dwarf, basal rosette, more or less stemless perennial succulents, that offset to form clumps. Their flowers are small, tubular and double-tipped, often with the petals reflexing backwards away from the flower throat. They are very similar between species, but their leaves show wide variations, even within a single species. The flowers are produced on tall inflorescences which grow 4-5 times the height of the leaf rosette. They are popular garden and container plants, especially H. attenuata and H. cymbiformis are fairly common house and garden plants.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Flowering time
Summer, Spring
Fruiting time
Summer

Harvesting

Generallly not harvested.

Propagation

Division
Divide the offsets when they become too overcrowded. Allow the soil to dry, lift the plants and gently ease the roots apart, then replant. When taking offsets, use a sharp knife or secateurs and cut as close to the mother stem as possible to include as many roots as possible, then allow the offset to dry briefly before repotting it (similar to cuttings from other succulents).
Cuttings
Can be propagated from leaves, simply remove cleanly from the mother plant, let callus for a few days until the wound has closed and place on soil or in water and wait for roots to develop. Roots usually grow first to seek out water, followed by new leaves. This may take anywhere from a week to a few months and there is no need to water propagating succulents as they will glean all the nutrition and moisture they require from their mother leaf, which will shrivel up over time. The original leaf may be gently removed once it has dried up and become crispy in texture, only remove if it comes away easily otherwise you risk damaging the baby plant.
Seed
Sow seed in spring in sandy soil.

Special features

Pot plant
Good container plants, place in semi-shaded position and ensure good drainage for best results. May also be grown inside as a houseplant, but requires good levels of sunlight.
Drought resistant
Succulent leaves serve as water storage organs.

Geography

Origin
Africa, Mozambique, Namibia, Lesotho, Swaziland, South Africa
Natural climate
Semi-Arid

Environment

Light
Partial Sun, Full Sun
Soil moisture
Dry
Soil type
Loam, Sand, Gravel
Soil PH preference
Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Personality

Family
Asphodelaceae
Scent
None

Problems

Generally problem free, but are susceptible to root rot if given too much water.

Companion plants

Plant with other succulent species that have a similar climatic requirement.

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