Haworthia

Haworthia spp.

Dwarf Aloe, Dwergaalwyn (Afr.)

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Haworthia is a genus containing around 57 species of dwarf, basal rosette, more or less stemless perennial succulents, that offset to form clumps. Their leaves are fleshy and flowers are small, tubular and double-tipped, often with the petals reflexing backwards away from the flower throat. They are very similar between species, but their leaves show wide variations, even within a single species. The flowers are produced on tall inflorescences which grow 4-5 times the height of the leaf rosette. They are popular garden and container plants, especially H. attenuata and H. cymbiformis are fairly common house and garden plants.
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Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Summer, Autumn, Spring

Fruiting time

Summer

Harvesting

Generally not harvested.

Propagation

Division

Divide the offsets when they become too overcrowded. Allow the soil to dry, lift the plants and gently ease the roots apart, then replant. When taking offsets, use a sharp knife or secateurs and cut as close to the mother stem as possible to include as many roots as possible, then allow the offset to dry briefly before repotting it (similar to cuttings from other succulents).

Cuttings

Can be propagated from leaves, simply remove cleanly from the mother plant, let callus for a few days until the wound has closed and place on soil or in water and wait for roots to develop. Roots usually grow first to seek out water, followed by new leaves. This may take anywhere from a week to a few months and there is no need to water propagating succulents as they will glean all the nutrition and moisture they require from their mother leaf, which will shrivel up over time. The original leaf may be gently removed once it has dried up and become crispy in texture, only remove if it comes away easily otherwise you risk damaging the baby plant.

Seed

Sow seed in spring in sandy soil.

Special features

Pot plant

Good container plants, place in semi-shaded position and ensure good drainage for best results. May also be grown inside as a houseplant, but requires good levels of sunlight.

Drought resistant

Succulent leaves serve as water storage organs.

Attractive leaves

Attractive flowers

Special features

Origin

Africa, Mozambique, Namibia, Lesotho, Swaziland, South Africa

Natural climate

Semi-Arid

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Dry

Soil type

Loam, Sand, Gravel, Compost

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Alkaline

Frost hardiness

Tender

Personality

Family

Asphodelaceae

Flower colour

White

Scent

None

Problems

Generally problem free, but are susceptible to root rot if given too much water.

Companion plants

Plant with other succulent species that have a similar climatic requirement.
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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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