Bushveld Candelabra Tree

Euphorbia cooperi

Bushveld Candelabra Euphorbia, Transvaal Candelabra Tree, Lesser Candelabra Tree, Norsdoring, Bosveldkandelaarnaboom (Afr.)

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Euphorbia cooperi is an impressive spiny, succulent tree, with conspicuous candelabra-like branches, that split only once. It is of the Spurge family - giving off a white latex where injured. It grows in dry areas making it attractive for waterwise gardening. The spikes make an effective hedge and borderplant. This is a common feature plant. ZA Distribution: Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer, Spring

Fruiting time

Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Generally not harvested, but when taking cuttings wear gloves and prevent contact or inhalation of the milky latex.

Propagation

Seed

Sow seed in spring in well draining sandy soil.

Cuttings

Root stem tip cuttings in summer with bottom heat, wear gloves to avoid contact with milky latex.

Special features

Attracts birds

Birds eat the fruit.

Hedge plant

The spikes make an effective hedge on borders of proporties.

Drought resistant

Pot plant

Special features

Origin

Africa, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, through Swaziland to Messina in Limpopo

Natural climate

This tree is mostly found in rockier places, often on granite outcrops and in rock cracks or in wooded grassland and thorny scrubland, in planes and in steep hillsides on north-facing slopes

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Dry

Soil type

Clay, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Acid

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Personality

Family

Euphorbiaceae

Flower colour

Green, Yellow

Scent

None

Problems

Generally problem free

Credits

profile iconEuphorbia cooperi
by J, oseph Khangela Baloyi & Linette Ferreira, Pretoria National Botanical Garden, February 2005 (Copyright South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa)
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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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