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A picture of a Rock Rose

Rock Rose

Echeveria elegans

Also known as

Mexican Gem, Mexican Snow Ball, White Mexican Rose

Echeveria elegans - 1 by Eria Wei (CC BY-SA 4.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Light watering
Tender

10b

USDA zone

2°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

50cm

Max

50cm

20cm

Min

20cm

2 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images

Echeveria Elegans (5849688118)
A photo of Rock Rose
A photo of Rock Rose
Echeveria elegans - 1

Overview

The Rock Rose, Echeveria elegans is also known by the names Mexican Snowball and Pearl Echeveria. Echeveria elegans is a tender succulent plant, grown for the attractive rosettes of fleshy, succulent leaves that can develop fantastic colouration, particularly when planted in full sun. Rock Roses are drought-tolerant and cope well with infrequent watering. Check the leaves for softening and wrinkling to indicate it wants a good deep watering. This plant grows in clumps and is easy to propagate through the leaves. Simply separate the spoon-shaped, white-green leaves, allow them to callus and plant in dry soil! Grown more for the fleshy leaves over the waxy flowers, they are lantern-shaped and coloured pink with yellow tips. Echeveria plants are widely grown in gardens and as houseplants in more temperate climates prone to frost.

Common problems

Aphids, Wine Weevil larvae, and Mealybugs can attack the leaves and roots of plants.

Companion plants

Plant alongside other succulent plants.

Harvesting

Generally not harvested, but the cut flower industry have started using the whole plant in floristry, harvested at various stages.

Propagation

Seed

Sow seed as soon as ripe.

Division

Divide and plant offsets in spring.

Cuttings

Root stem or leaf cuttings in late spring. Can be propagated from leaves, simply remove cleanly from the mother plant, let callus for a few days until the wound has closed and place on soil or in water and wait for roots to develop. Roots usually grow first to seek out water, followed by new leaves. This may take anywhere from a week to a few months and there is no need to water propagating succulents as they will glean all the nutrition and moisture they require from their mother leaf, which will shrivel up over time. The original leaf may be gently removed once it has dried up and become crispy in texture, only remove if it comes away easily otherwise you risk damaging the baby plant.

Special Features

Attracts useful insects

Attract bees

Drought resistant

Can survive without water for long periods, but will not thrive.

Attractive flowers

Attractive leaves

Attracts bees

Uses

Ornamental

Echeveria elegans is cultivated as an ornamental plant for rock gardens planting, or as a potted plant.