Hippeastrum

Hippeastrum spp.

Hippi, Christmas Flower, Hippies (Afr.)

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by Wumps (All rights reserved)
1 of 11
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by Wumps (All rights reserved)
1 of 11
Hippeastrum hybrids and cultivars are perennial herbaceous bulbous plants that are valued for their large ornamental flowers, particularly for indoor cultivation in colder climates. As such they have an important place in the floriculture trade for sale as cut flowers or potted plants. There is some confusion over the names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, one result of which is that the common name amaryllis is mainly used for cultivars of the genus Hippeastrum (often grown indoors). By contrast, the genus Amaryllis refers to bulbous species from South Africa (usually grown outdoors).
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer, Spring

Fruiting time

Summer

Harvesting

Flowers can be harvested for the vase, or seeds can be harvested from the ripe seed capsules.

Propagation

Division

Divide and replant over-crowded bulbs while dormant in Autumn or Spring.

Seed

Harvest seed in autumn and sow in spring, viable seed may not be produced on some hybrids, but if it is, the offspring won’t have the same charactiristics (including same color) as the parent!

Special features

Pot plant

Plant individually into small pots or group in larger pots spaced 20-30cm appart, use a good-quality, free-draining potting or soil mix.

Indoor plant

Cover the soil of indoor containers, with pebbles, moss or a shade-tolerant groundcover, place pot in a warm, but not hot, semi-shady position, needs bright light for flowering and healthy leaves.

Attractive flowers

Red, pink, salmon, orange, white, yellow, pale green with some variations including multi colouring, with different coloured mottling, stripes or edges on the petals.

Special features

Origin

America, South America, Argentina north to Mexico and the Caribbean

Natural climate

Temperate

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Loam

Soil PH preference

Neutral

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Ornamental

The pretty awesome flowers gave rise to many selected cultivars - often also more cold hardy and smaller sizes, but the most popular is still a huge red trumpet flower!

Personality

Family

Amaryllidaceae

Flower colour

Red, Green, Orange, White, Pink, Yellow, Cream

Scent

None

Problems

Hand-pick and destroy snails and slugs as well as the black and yellow amaryllis caterpillar or lily borer which eats the leaves and bores down into the bulb. Red blotches on the leaves are caused by fungi known as Stagonospora curtisii. Try controlling by cutting off the affected part of the leaf as soon as you spot signs of this disease.
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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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