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A picture of a Maidenhair Tree

Maidenhair Tree

Ginkgo biloba

Also known as

Ginkgo, Ginkgo Tree, Fossil Tree, Nooienshaarboom (Afr.)

Gingko flowers by PawełMM (CC-BY-SA-3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

7a

USDA zone

-18°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

20m

Max

12m

5m

Min

7m

50 years to reach maturity

Flowering

This plant has no fragrance

More images of Maidenhair Tree

A photo of Maidenhair Tree
A photo of Maidenhair Tree
A photo of Maidenhair Tree
A photo of Maidenhair Tree
A photo of Maidenhair Tree

Maidenhair Tree Overview

Ginkgo biloba is a lovely shade tree, the only living species in the division Ginkgophyta, all others being extinct. It may reach 25m in height, with young trees forming a cone-shape, this becomes irregular with age. Commonly known by the names Ginkgo, Ginkgo Tree, Common Ginkgo, Maidenhair Tree and Fossil Tree. It is deciduous and thus loses its foliage over the winter. The unique leaves are fan-shaped, coloured light green and developing bright golden yellow autumn colouration. Leaves measure up to 12cm across. This plant is termed dioecious and thus produces male or female unisexual flowers, containing either male or female reproductive organs. These gendered flowers are produced on individual trees. On female trees, the flowers lead onto unpleasantly scented, yellow fruits, in autumn. Male Ginkgos are more sought after for cultivation as the ripening fruit of female specimens emits an unpleasant scent similar to vomit. Male trees produce pollen cones while females produce two ovules that develop into the seeds. Cultivars for garden use have been developed from this species.

Common problems with Maidenhair Tree

Generally problem free

    How to harvest Maidenhair Tree

    Seed can be harvested and planted once fully matured and ripe.

    How to propagate Maidenhair Tree

    Cuttings

    Take semi-hardwood cuttings in summer

    Seed

    Sow seed in containers as soon as ripe.

    Special features of Maidenhair Tree

    Autumn colour

    Leaves turn golden yellow in autumn.

    Attractive leaves

    Other uses of Maidenhair Tree

    Shade, ornamental, foliage, medicinal, autumn interest.

    Medicinal

    Traditional medicine in the East

    Edible

    Ginko nuts (seeds) are eaten in Asia.

    Multi Stemmed Trees

    With a little formative work these trees can be trained into multi- stemmed specimens.

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