A picture of a Nettle

Nettle

Urtica dioica

Also known as

Common Nettle, Stinging Nettle, Nettle Leaf, Brandnetel (Afr.)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Tender

3a-10b

USDA zone

-40°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

2m

Max

30cm

Min

50cm

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

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A photo of Nettle
A photo of Nettle
A photo of Nettle
A photo of Nettle
A photo of Nettle

Nettle Overview

Nettles are herbaceous, perennial plants, tall growing in the summer and dying down to the ground in winter. They are rich in vitamins A and C, iron, potassium, manganese and calcium. Leaves and stems are cooked and eaten like spinach, while the leaves are also dried and may then be used to make a herbal tea, as can also be done with the nettle's flowers.

Common problems with Nettle

Generally problem free

    How to harvest Nettle

    Harvest leaves and stems before flowering

    How to propagate Nettle

    Seed

    Sow seed into trays with loose mix, in spring or autumn

    Cuttings

    Plant 10cm long Stolons, with buds in late winter at a depth of 5–7cm. Root shoot tip cuttings from spring to early summer, treat with rooting hormone

    Division

    Division of roots in spring.

    Special features of Nettle

    Attracts useful insects

    Attracts beneficial insects including butterflies

    Other uses of Nettle

    Wildflower/meadow, culinary, tea, medicinal

    Medicinal

    As a tea is used to treat disorders of the kidneys and urinary tract, gastrointestinal tract, locomotor system, skin, cardiovascular system, hemorrhage, influenza, rheumatism, and gout

    Edible

    Soaking stinging nettles in water or cooking removes the stinging chemicals from the plant, which allows them to be handled and eaten without injury

    Planting For Butterflies - Host/Food Plants

    A photo of Asters

    Asters

    Symphyotrichum spp.

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