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A picture of a Dragon Fruit

Dragon Fruit

Selenicereus undatus

Also known as

Pitahya Plant, Pitahya, Night Blooming Cereus, Strawberry Pear

Full Sun
Easy care
Light watering
Tender

13b

USDA zone

18°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

6m

Max

3m

2m

Min

1m

Fruiting

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

Fruit ripens 30 to 50 days after flowering, the skin turns red or yellow, depending on variety. The skin will also feel slightly soft when squeezed, but not mushy. There can be 5 or 6 harvest cycles per year.

More images

A photo of Dragon Fruit
A photo of Dragon Fruit
A photo of Dragon Fruit
A photo of Dragon Fruit
A photo of Dragon Fruit

Overview

The Dragon fruit or Pitahya Plant, Selenicereus undatus is a cactus species in the Cactaceae family. It is native to the Americas and grown for commercial fruit production in Southeast Asia, the United States, Israel, Australia, Cyprus and the Canary Islands. The fruit is sweet, tastes a bit like an earthy watermelon and has a texture that resembles kiwifruit, but it's a little crunchier. This plant produces red-skinned fruits with white flesh and the related S. megalanthus fruits are yellow-skinned with white flesh.

Common problems

Generally free from insect problems but susceptible to fungal diseases, mostly due to over watering

    Propagation

    Seed

    Sprinkle seeds over soil and cover with a thin layer of soil, germination takes a 11-14 days, then thin out the plants

    Cuttings

    If using a fresh cutting, let it dry in a cool, shady spot for about a week. This will allow the wound to heal and prevent infection once it is planted. Plant in a well-draining soil mix.

    Special Features

    Drought resistant

    Needs only small amounts of water

    Attracts useful insects

    Attracts bees

    Uses

    Edible

    The flowers and fruit are edible.