Common Sunshine Conebush

Leucadendron salignum

Cone Bush, Tolbos(Afr.), Geelbos

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Leucadendrons or cone bushes are grown for their coloured foliage and the pretty cones that are produced on the female plant. The plants are woody perennials with persistent root-stocks, enabling the plants to re-sprout after fires. Crossings and hybrids of Leucadendrons are grown commercially for the cut flower industry as foliage and cones. The cones are used in both the fresh and dried state. Wild stands are also harvested for this industry. Leucadendrons can be grown as garden plants. Leucadendron salignum is commonly used with other species to cross and produce new hybrids, such as 'Safari Sunset' (L salignum x L laureolum). ZA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Western Cape.
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Flowering time

Summer, Autumn, Winter, Spring

Fruiting time

Summer, Autumn, Winter, Spring


Cones are harvested during winter. Cut flowers for decoration as needed.



Use semi-hardwood off the current season's growth to take cuttings, 6 to 10 cm in length. Dip into rooting hormone and root with bottom heat and intermittant irrigation.

Special features

Drought resistant

The hardy leaves will help dry spells. When grown in its natural areas, it is use to survive dry summers.

Pot plant

Can be grown in containers, use specialized fynbos potting mix with low or no Phosphates.

Wind break

Hedge plant

Special features


Africa, Southern Africa, Western, Southern and Eastern Cape.

Natural climate




Full Sun

Soil moisture


Soil type

Loam, Sand, Clay

Soil PH preference

Alkaline, Acid, Neutral

Frost hardiness



Cut flower

The unusual colored leaves and the pretty cone make this a popular with florists.




Flower colour

Yellow, Red, Cream, Orange, Pink




Generally problem free, but are prone to root rots, be sure to have good drainage.


profile iconLeucadendron salignum
by H G Jamieson, Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden, November 2000 (Copyright South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa)
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