White Poppy, Mawseed, Bread Seed Poppy, Papawer (Afr.)
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With its stunning flowers, long stems and green foliage, the Poppy is a valuable ornamental plant which can form a show-piece of any garden. This is the species of plant from which opium and poppy seeds are derived and is known to be the only species of Papaveraceae that is grown as an agricultural crop on a large scale. Not only is it a highly ornamental plant, with culinary and medicinal applications, but it is also the source of illicit drugs.
Each poppy pod can produce many poppy seeds. When the crown on the poppy pod stands up and the pod takes on a chalky texture, it is time to harvest. Cut the poppy pods from the stems and let them dry in the sun or in a dry area. When the poppy pods are dry, turn them upside down to pour out and collect the poppy seeds.
Sprinkle poppy seed on top of the soil from Autumn through Winter until Spring - they love the cool winter temperatures! Cover them lightly with soil and wet thouroughly.
Simulate its natural growing conditions by growing it indoors. This poppy thrives best in cooler summer temperatures with plenty of natural sunlight.
Good to plant in pots, given sufficient drainage and sufficient sunlight.
Attracts useful insects
Ants, honeybees and other nectar-loving insects visit the flowers.
Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun
Chalk, Loam, Sand
Morphine and codeine are alkaloids found in poppies and commercially grown in India and Spain. The seed contain less than 1%.
Poppy seeds are an important food item and the source of poppyseed oil. They can be dry roasted and ground to be used in wet curry (curry paste) or dry curry too. Seeds are used as bird food.
Purple, White, Red
Pests include aphids, slugs and snails. Diseases include rootrot.