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Canterbury bells

Campanula medium

Bells of Holland, Bell flower

Campanula medium is a beautiful nostalgic biennial species which flowers profusely from spring to autumn. The showy bell-shaped blue, pink, purple or white flowers will add grace and elegance to your garden. Blooms are single or double flowers and this species has an upright growth habit. Leaves are lance-shaped and arranged in a basal rosette, these measure around 15cm in length. Can be easily grown from seed, but often flower in the second year. They have long, fairly weak stems so it is better to plant them in a group so they can support each other and in a protected spot out of wind.

Planning

Difficulty
Moderate
Flowering time
Summer, Spring

Harvesting

Deadheading the plants regularly will encourage more blooms to develop. Keep the seed heads in paper bags until ready to sow.

Propagation

Cuttings
Basal cuttings in spring.
Division
Division best done in spring or autumn.
Seed
Sow seed directly into the garden in late spring or early summer with only a thin layer of soil covering them. Keep moist, and thin out or replant once the seedlings become large enough.

Special features

Attracts useful insects
Including bees and butterflies.

Geography

Origin
France, Spain, Italy in Southern Europe.
Natural climate
Mediterranean

Environment

Light
Full Sun, Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Neutral, Alkaline, Acid
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Cut flowers
Long lasting flowers are used as cut flowers in the floristry industry.

Personality

Family
Campanulaceae
Flower colour
Pale to dark blue, lavender, pink and white., Purples, White, Blue, Pink
Scent
None

Problems

Slugs and snails are common pests; can be affected by powdery mildew and rust diseases.

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