Snapdragon

Antirrhinum majus

Leeubekkies (Afr.)

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Provides cool-season colour and a mid-sized plant to balance tall background plants and shorter bedding plants in the front. Grows well in sunny, outlying areas where garden pests are prone to nibble. The showy blooms of snapdragons look beautiful in arrangements and many snapdragons are fragrant. Since young snapdragons need cool weather for best growth, the winter months are ideal for planting in warm regions.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer, Spring

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Cut snapdragon bloom spikes freely for indoor arrangements throughout the blooming period. Use clean, sharp shears. Remove spent blooms to encourage flowering.

Propagation

Seed

Start seeds indoors 6 to 8 weeks before the last spring frost. The seeds need light to germinate. Plants tolerate frost and grow best in cool weather, transplant them outside before last frost.

Special features

Origin

Southern Europeand the Mediterranean

Natural climate

Temperate

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Neutral

Frost hardiness

Half-Hardy

Uses

Landscaping

Antirrhinum majus come in different sizes, the dwarf and short varieties do well as bedding plants and in pots. The intermediate varieties need to be planted further back in your flower beds or in cutting beds.

Cut flowers

The tall varieties are grown as cut flowers.

Personality

Family

Scrophulariaceae

Flower colour

Purple, Red, Multicoloured, Orange, White, Pink, Yellow

Scent

Mild

Problems

Aphids and leaf miners are pests that might be found on leaves, if problems persist treat with an organic garden pest solution. Snapdragons are prone to diseases like anthracnose, powdery mildew, rhizoctonia root and stem rot and rust.

Related Problems

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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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