Butterfly Azalea

Rhododendron calendulaceum

Flame Azalea

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Flame or Butterfly Azalea is one of the most spectacular flowering shrubs of the Appalachian Mountains. It has bundles of bright orange flowers end of winter into spring,often fragrant. The leaves turn into different colors in Autumn before they fall.
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Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Winter, Spring

Fruiting time

Spring

Harvesting

Harvest mature, dried and opened seed pods.

Propagation

Seed

Combine seeds loosely with sphagnum moss and sprinkle lightly over a 2:1 perlite/peat mixture. Germinate under mist or a plastic tent to keep humid.

Cuttings

Root semi-ripe cuttings in late summer or autumn.

Layering

Layer in autumn. Place a low growing branch on the soil and cover with soil or a rock. Allow roots to develop over the winter months and seperate from motherplant when well-developed roots.

Special features

Pot plant

Attractive flowers

Autumn colour

Special features

Origin

Eastern United States of America.

Natural climate

Temperate to Cold

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Acid

Frost hardiness

Half-Hardy

Personality

Family

Ericaceae

Flower colour

Red, Orange, Yellow

Scent

None

Problems

Vine weevil, whitefly, leafhoppers, lacebugs, scale, caterpillars, aphids. Powdery mildew, rust, bud blast, leaf gall, petal blight, root rot, and chlorosis (due to insufficient soil acid).
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Knowledge and advice

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