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A picture of a Jade Plant

Jade Plant

Crassula ovata

Also known as

Money Plant, Friendship Tree, Lucky Tree, Pink Joy, Beestebul, Kerkij, Kerky, Plakkies (Afr.), Umxhalagube (Xhosa)

Full Sun
Easy care
Light watering
Tender

Expected size

Height
Spread

2m

Max

1m

50cm

Min

50cm

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images

A photo of Jade Plant
Crassula ovata 700
Geldbaum geschlossene Knospen
A photo of Jade Plant
A photo of Jade Plant

Overview

Crassula ovata are known commonly as Jade Plants. They are one of the most common houseplants due to their ease of care, thriving in both full sun and partial shade, and their tolerance of neglect. You can forget about watering this plant for a good while – it'll cope just fine! This species is a succulent, evergreen shrub with branches and stems that develop a gnarled, woody, aged look with time, making this species a popular bonsai specimen. The jade plant flowers abundantly, given the correct conditions: cool nights, bright days and a lack of water. The white to light pink flowers have a faint scent of soap and they attract a variety of insects. The plant is believed to bring you luck. Historically, the roots were used as food and the rest of the plant, medicinally. Please note that Crassula species are toxic to cats and dogs. This is a common feature plant. ZA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal.

Common problems

Crassula are susceptible to Mealybugs and fungal diseases. As with all succulents, overwatering is sure to be fatal, so err on the side of too dry rather than too wet. Regularly monitor plants for pest-related symptoms such as sudden loss of vigour or leaf discolouration.

Harvesting

Collect the seeds once the flowers have dried up.​

Propagation

Seed

The fine seeds are distributed by the wind. Mix the fine seeds with well draining soil, spread out in a thin layer, moisten the soil, create humidity with a plastic cover until germination.

Division

Cuttings

The genus Crassula can be easily propagated from leaves. Simply remove cleanly from the mother plant, leave callus for a few days until the wound has closed and place on soil or in water and wait for roots to develop. Roots usually grow first to seek out water, followed by new leaves. This may take anywhere from a week to a few months and there is no need to water propagating succulents as they will glean all the nutrition and moisture they require from their mother leaf, which will shrivel up over time. The original leaf may be gently removed once it has dried up and become crispy in texture, only remove if it comes away easily otherwise you risk damaging the baby plant.

Special Features

Attracts useful insects

The abundant flowers will attract bees, beetles, butterflies, wasps and flies.

Drought resistant

This plant is like a succulent able to store water in its leaves, branches and stems and therefore does not require much water. Let the soil dry out between waterings to prevent root rot.

Pot plant

The jade plant grows very well in a pot given that it has enough light and is not exposed to frost and has good drainage.

Attractive leaves

Attractive flowers

Indoor plant

Usually grown indoors in good light, therefore close to a window.

Uses

Crassula ovata is a wonderful sculptural plant for pots, tubs, rockeries, retaining walls and gravel gardens and is the ideal plant for a water-wise garden. It can also be grown in pots indoors.

Medicinal

The Khoi and other Africa tribes uses the jade plant medicinally by boiling the leaves in milk for the treatment of diarrhea.

Edible

The Khoi used to eat the roots by grating it as preparation before cooking and served it with thick milk.

Medicinal