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A picture of a Lords and Ladies

Lords and Ladies

Arum maculatum

Also known as

Adam And Eve, Devils And Angels, Arrowroot, Portland Sago Plant, Bobbing Jane, Adder's Root, Wild Arum, Wake Robin, Jack In The Pulpit, Lords and ladies, Cuckoo pint, Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arum maculatum leaves by Walcoford (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Shade
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

6a

USDA zone

-23°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

2m

Max

2m

50cm

Min

50cm

5 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a strong fragrance

More images of Lords and Ladies

A flower spike of Arum maculatum
A close up of the green leaf marked with occasional black spots of the Arum maculatum
A close up of the flower spike and green leaves of "Lords and Ladies"
A photo of Lords and Ladies

Lords and Ladies Overview

Arum maculatum is a tuberous perennial species from the Araceae family. It is commonly known by many names including Lords and Ladies and Cuckoo Pint. This plant is found throughout British and European woodlands, first appearing in spring, sprouting from the ground with shiny green arrow-shaped leaves with dark purple spots. The flowers appear shortly after the foliage, at the base, a poker-shaped, purple spadix appears. This is surrounded by a pale green leaf-like hood. In autumn, bright red and orange berries are borne on short spikes. Arum maculatum is a great addition to any woodland or shade garden with its interesting flower form and bright berries. It can however dominate gardens as it readily self-seeds and may also be spread through rhizome fragments. This species can take over gardens, plant with care!

How to harvest Lords and Ladies

Berries can be stripped in Autumn once they have fully ripened and seeds removed with care.

How to propagate Lords and Ladies

Division

Propagate by dividing tubers after flowering when they have become dormant in the Autumn. Tubers can be as deep as 400 mm below the surface and should be handled with care, this is a poisonous plant.

Seed

Seeds should be sown as soon as they have ripened in the Autumn. The fleshy part of the berry should be removed and the seed sown at a depth twice its size. Self seeding may become a problem.

Special features of Lords and Ladies

Autumn colour

Bright red and orange berries stand alone on their short spikes in Autumn.

Attractive flowers

Attractive leaves

Other uses of Lords and Ladies

Suits informal cottage gardens in flower borders/beds or under large shrubs/trees. It is occasionally used for flower arranging.