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A picture of a Dame's Violet

Dame's Violet

Hesperis matronalis

Also known as

Damask Violet, Dame's Rocket, Sweet rocket

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Dame's Violet

A photo of Dame's Violet
A photo of Dame's Violet
A photo of Dame's Violet

Dame's Violet Overview

The genus name, Hesperis, is Greek for evening, and it is believed that the name was probably chosen because the scent of the flowers becomes more conspicuous later in the evening. Its prolific growth has caused it to be considered a weed in many locations where it has naturalised, but it is still a common sight in gardens across the globe.

Common problems with Dame's Violet

Prone to caterpillars, flea beetles, slugs and snails. May be affected by powdery mildews.

How to harvest Dame's Violet

Allow seedheads to dry on plants then remove and collect seeds.

How to propagate Dame's Violet


Seeds can be scattered in moist, fertile soil in late spring, then re-sown every 2-3 years.

Special features of Dame's Violet

Attracts useful insects

Attracts bees and butterflies.

Other uses of Dame's Violet

Cutting bed, naturaliser, wildflower/meadow.