Rosemary

Salvia rosmarinus

Roosmaryn (Afr.)

profile iconRosmarinus officinalis133095382
by THOR (CC BY 2.0)
1 of 9
A close up of some purple Rosmarinus offcinalis flowers and green leaves
profile iconRosmarinus officinalis133095382
by THOR (CC BY 2.0)
1 of 9
Salvia rosmarinus (formerly Rosmarinus officinalis) is a bushy evergreen shrub and one of the world's best-loved herbs. Commonly called rosemary, it is known as the plant of remembrance and friendship. It is covered in dense, aromatic foliage comprising dark green leaves which reduce to thin, needle-like protrusions. These curve at the edges and have paler-coloured, felted texture on the undersides. Flowers are small and delicate, typically appearing throughout the year from spring onwards. Flower colour ranges from dark to light shades of purple, blue, pink and white. Many cultivars have been developed for garden use. Growth habit varies from upright to ground-hugging and can be used in sunny borders, rock gardens and for low-growing hedging. Rosemary is used for flavouring food and as an antiseptic herb. It is drought-resistant and attractive to bees and butterflies.
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Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Summer, Spring

Harvesting

Harvest leaves and flowers as needed. Cut stems rather than harvesting leaves, to encourage new growth. To dry, hang bunches of herbs upside down in a dry ventilated area.

Propagation

Cuttings

Take cuttings and place in a sandy potting mix. Use rooting hormone powder for semi-hardwood cuttings and water well. Cuttings from stem tips will root if placed in water.

Special features

Repels harmful insects

Repels cabbage whites, snails and carrot flies. Stems buried in the ground around seedlings will keep cutworms away!

Drought resistant

Once established, it is a very hardy plant.

Hedge plant

Clipped to formal hedges or left untrained and pick as needed, it makes an excellent border for vegetable beds.

Attractive flowers

Attracts bees

Attracts butterflies

Special features

Origin

The Mediterranean

Natural climate

Mediterranean

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Acid, Alkaline

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Uses

Medicinal

Used from ancient times and popular today in aromatherapy and cooking. It has anti-bacterial, antiseptic and antioxidant properties. Use as balm, oil, tea or in cooking.

Edible

Hard stems often used as sosatie/kebab sticks. The leaves are used fresh or dried especially with lamb, eggs, cheeses and vegetables.

Personality

Family

Lamiaceae

Flower colour

Pink, Purple, White, Blue

Scent

Strong

Companion plants

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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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