River Bushwillow, Vaderlandswilg (Afr.), Umdubu
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The River willowbush is found along riverbanks in Southern Africa. It has also become popular as a garden tree in South Africa and the United States, due to its yellow-cream flowers and hardened nature. Giraffe, elephant and and antelope enjoy its leaves, while its wood, gum, roots and fruits have various practical uses, from medicine to dye and varnish. ZA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape.
Generally not harvested.
Soak fresh seeds in water for some hours before planting. Seedlings should appear within two weeks of being planted.
Birds such as the Southern Black Tit are known to eat the fruit, especially to access the insects inside.
The hardened nature of the River bushwillow make it popular in arid areas.
Leaves colour in hues of red, orange and yellow during autumn.
Southern Africa Zimbabwe, Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland and Zambia. South Africa: Eastern Cape, Northern Cape (along the Orange river).
Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun
Loam, Compost, Sand, Clay
Soil PH preference
The roots are used as a purgative or cleanser, as well as for treating venereal diseases. The bark is sometimes mixed with other herbs to make a healing tea to treat sores.
Cream, Yellow, Green
Wasps often lay their eggs inside the fruits, where newly hatched larvae feed on the fruits. Birds enjoy pecking these insects from inside the fruits.