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A picture of a Broccoli

Broccoli

Brassica oleracea var. italica (Italica Group)

Also known as

Brokkolie (Afr.)

Brassica oleracea var. italica 01 by Sanja565658 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Tender

4a-12b

USDA zone

-34°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

50cm

Max

50cm

30cm

Min

30cm

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images

A photo of Broccoli
A photo of Broccoli

Overview

Brassica oleracea var. italica (Italica Group) is commonly known as broccoli. It is well known as being a healthy addition to the dinner table, being rich in nutritional value. It is a source of vitamin A, B and C, iron, fibre, calcium and zinc among others. Its one of the easiest crops to grow yourself! Usually green in colour and taking a tree-like shape, it is characterized by a flowering head on a thick stalk, both of which are edible. From the Latin "brachium" and Italian "Brocco", the name Broccoli means "arm" or "branch" and is a plant in the cabbage family and very well adapted to growing in cool climates.

Common problems

Harvesting

It is essential to cut the flower heads off before they flower. Do this while the plant is still green. Cut the head off while still attached to the stem as well as the leaves. The plant will continue to produce side shoots, and when ready these to can be harvested in turn.

Propagation

Seed

Preferably sow seeds just below the surface, 1-2 cm deep. Plant separate seedlings more or less 45 cm from one another and the rows 90 cm from each other.

Special Features

Attractive leaves

Uses

Edible

Often eaten as a cooked vegetable or added to soups.

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