Brassica oleracea var. italica (Italica Group)
Brassica oleracea var. italica (Italica Group) is commonly known as broccoli. It is well known as being a healthy addition to the dinner table, being rich in nutritional value. It is a source of vitamin A, B and C, iron, fibre, calcium and zinc among others. Its one of the easiest crops to grow yourself! Usually green in colour and taking a tree-like shape, it is characterized by a flowering head on a thick stalk, both of which are edible. From the Latin "brachium" and Italian "Brocco", the name Broccoli means "arm" or "branch" and is a plant in the cabbage family and very well adapted to growing in cool climates.
It is essential to cut the flower heads off before they flower. Do this while the plant is still green. Cut the head off while still attached to the stem as well as the leaves. The plant will continue to produce side shoots, and when ready these to can be harvested in turn.
Preferably sow seeds just below the surface, 1-2 cm deep. Plant separate seedlings more or less 45 cm from one another and the rows 90 cm from each other.
Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun
Loam, Clay, Compost, Sand, Chalk
Soil PH preference
Often eaten as a cooked vegetable or added to soups.
Pests include cabbage worms, flea beetles, and cabbage root maggots