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A picture of a Loquat

Loquat

Eriobotrya japonica

Also known as

Japanese Medlar, Japanese Plum, Chinese Plum, Lukwart (Afr)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

9a

USDA zone

-7°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

10m

Max

8m

4m

Min

4m

25 years to reach maturity

Fruiting

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

Loquat fruits should be allowed to ripen fully before harvesting. They reach maturity in about 90 days from full flower opening. A ripe fruit will have a distinctive yellowy-orange colour and begin to soften. Unripe fruits do not ripen properly off the tree and are excessively acid. The fruit must be carefully clipped individually as they are difficult to separate from the cluster stems without tearing. Ripe fruit may be refridgerated for 1 to 2 weeks.

More images

A photo of Loquat
A photo of Loquat
A photo of Loquat
A photo of Loquat

Overview

This little evergreen tree has beautiful foliage, fragrant flowers, delicious fruit and it is easy to grow. The loquat grows to about 6.1 m high assuming a rounded form with upward pointing branches. Large, deeply textured dark green leaves are about 7.6 cm long with the bottom surface being light green and slightly fuzzy. New foliage on some specimens is an attractive rusty red. The sweetly scented white flowers are followed by small, edible yellow fruits in spring.

Common problems

Young trees don't compete well with weeds. Fruit flies are a common problem as are black scale, birds, aphids & caterpillars. Most can be avoided by removing fruit quickly when ripe.

    Propagation

    Seed

    Trees are commonly grafted onto loquat seedlings or dwarf rootstock of quince. Spacing - 3-5m apart.

    Special Features

    Attracts birds

    Ripe fruits attract birds.

    Attracts useful insects

    The loquat flowers attract bees.

    Indoor plant

    The European loquat trees are often cultivated as ornimental plants.

    Crop rotation

    Light Feeder

    Uses

    Fruits are eaten fresh

    Edible

    Fruits