Beetroot

Beta vulgaris

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Because of its beautiful range of colours and the ability to give off colour readily, the beetroot makes a wonderful colourant. The whole plant is edible, from the leaves to the root, although its bulky taproot is more popular. Widely grown in home gardens throughout the world, but if you have hot summers, grow beets in the cool seasons, or during the winter in mild-climate areas.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Summer

Harvesting

Depending on the variety, beetroot is ready to be harvested when the roots are the size of a golf ball in diameter, generally 90 days after sowing. Pull up alternate plants, leaving the others to reach maturity, so that they can be harvested when they are larger, about 5-7.5 cm.

Propagation

Seed

You can grow a crop of early beets which should be planted between February and April. Plant them outside in rows, 10cm apart with the rows 40cm apart. Main crops can be sown from April to July, straight into the ground 10cm apart with the rows 30cm apart at around 2.5cm deep.

Special features

Pot plant

Round varieties can be grown in pots. Choose containers that are at least 20 cm in diameter and equally deep.

Crop rotation

Do not replant with root crops in the same area, but rotate with green manure, Cabbage family, light feeders or other groups of vegetables.

Special features

Origin

Asia, Europe.

Natural climate

Cold Interior

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Loam, Sand, Compost, Clay, Chalk

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Acid, Alkaline

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Edible

All bits of the plant is edible!

Fertiliser

Popular as organic fertiliser!

Personality

Family

Amaranthaceae

Flower colour

Green, Red

Scent

None

Companion plants

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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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