Pear

Pyrus communis

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The pear is a medium-sized tree or shrub, reaching 10–17 m tall, often with a tall, narrow crown. The alternate leaves are simple, glossy green on some species, and densely silvery-hairy in some others. The leaf shape varies from broad oval to narrow lance-shaped. Most pears are deciduous, but one or two species in southeast Asia are evergreen. Most are cold-hardy, withstanding temperatures between −25 °C and −40 °C in winter, except for the evergreen species, which only tolerate temperatures down to about −15 °C. The flowers are white, rarely tinted yellow or pink, and have five petals. The pear fruit is a pome, in cultivated forms they grow up to 18 cm long and 8 cm broad; the shape varies in most species from oblate or globose, to the classic pyriform 'pear-shape' of the European pear.

Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Fruiting time

Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Harvest pears when they are mature but still hard. Ripen the pears at room temperature for the best quality. Some pears need chilling to ripen fully like Forelle and Packham's Triumph.

Propagation

Special features

Attracts useful insects

Special features

Origin

Europe, Eurasia

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Clay, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Acid, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Uses

Personality

Family

Rosaceae

Flower colour

Pink, White

Scent

None

Problems

Fire blight, Pear psylla, Aphids, Mites, Powdery mildew. False codling moth and red spider mites may attack and destroy fruit and leaves