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A picture of a Pear

Pear

Pyrus communis

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

6a

USDA zone

-23°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

17m

Max

Min

5m

Fruiting

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

Harvest pears when they are mature but still hard. Ripen the pears at room temperature for the best quality. Some pears need chilling to ripen fully like Forelle and Packham's Triumph.

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A photo of Pear
A photo of Pear
A photo of Pear
A photo of Pear

Overview

The pear is a medium-sized tree or shrub, reaching 10–17 m tall, often with a tall, narrow crown. The alternate leaves are simple, glossy green on some species, and densely silvery-hairy in some others. The leaf shape varies from broad oval to narrow lance-shaped. Most pears are deciduous, but one or two species in southeast Asia are evergreen. Most are cold-hardy, withstanding temperatures between −25 °C and −40 °C in winter, except for the evergreen species, which only tolerate temperatures down to about −15 °C. The flowers are white, rarely tinted yellow or pink, and have five petals. The pear fruit is a pome, in cultivated forms they grow up to 18 cm long and 8 cm broad; the shape varies in most species from oblate or globose, to the classic pyriform 'pear-shape' of the European pear.

Common problems

Fire blight, Pear psylla, Aphids, Mites, Powdery mildew. False codling moth and red spider mites may attack and destroy fruit and leaves

    Propagation

    Division

    Seed

    Special Features

    Attracts useful insects

    Uses

    Edible

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