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A picture of a Nectarine

Nectarine

Prunus persica var. nucipersica

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Tender

13b

USDA zone

18°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

10m

Max

Min

6m

Flowering

This plant has no fragrance

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A photo of Nectarine
A photo of Nectarine
A photo of Nectarine
A photo of Nectarine

Nectarine Overview

The nectarine is a deciduous tree, that grows 4-10 m tall, and is native to the region of Northwest China. It bears an edible juicy fruit called a peach or a nectarine, where peaches have characteristic fuzz on the fruit skin and nectarines are characterized by the absence of fuzz on the fruit's skin. The leaves are lance-like, 7–16 cm long, 2–3 cm broad, and pinnately veined. The pink flowers are produced in early spring before the leaves, and they are either solitary or paired. The fruit has yellow or whitish flesh, a delicate aroma, and smooth skin. The flesh is very delicate and easily bruised in some cultivars, but is fairly firm in some commercial varieties, especially when green. The single, large seed is red-brown, oval shaped, and is surrounded by a wood-like husk. Peaches, along with cherries, plums and apricots, are stone fruits (drupes). Cultivated nectarines are divided into cling stones and free stones, depending on whether the flesh sticks to the stone or not; both can have either white or yellow flesh. Nectarines with white flesh typically are very sweet with little acidity, while yellow-fleshed nectarines typically have an acidic tang coupled with sweetness, though this also varies greatly. Both colors often have some red on their skin.

Common problems with Nectarine

Nectarines struggle with curly leaf. Spray the trees when they are dormant with lime sulfur and when the blossoms start with a copper spray before rainy weather. Keep on doing this weekly until all the leaves are out or the tree is in 50% flower.

How to harvest Nectarine

Your tree will start to give you fruit when it’s about 3 to 4 years old, though it will take a few years to build up to a complete harvest. Most trees will keep producing for 20 years. Nectarines are ripe to pick when they come off easily from the branches, when the sugar is high and the fruit is sweet.

How to propagate Nectarine

Seed

Seed will grow after cold- stratification, but will not be true to type. Graft or bud the right cultivar unto your seedling!

Cuttings

Commercially nectarines are propagated by grafting or budding on a strong seedling.

Special features of Nectarine

Hedge plant

Nectarines can be tree-trained or espaliered into different shapes, including a neat hedge row.

Other uses of Nectarine

Medicinal

Fruit is rich in minerals like iron and Vitamins. Leaves were used for centuries as wash and in medicine. The fruit is filled with carotenes and flavonoids, helping to have good eye-sight.

Edible

Fruit is used fresh, juiced or preserved.