Common Guava

Psidium guajava

Yellow Guava, Lemon Guava, Koejawel (Afr.)

profile iconStarr 070519-7147 Psidium guajava
by Forest & Kim Starr (CC BY 3.0)
1 of 9
profile iconStarr 070519-7147 Psidium guajava
by Forest & Kim Starr (CC BY 3.0)
1 of 9
Psidium guajava is also known as Common Guava, it is a beautiful evergreen shrub or tree, cultivated for its delicious pear to sphere-shaped fruits. Originating from the Caribbean, Central and South America, these are now widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical climates across the world. In South Africa, they are classified as invasive and tend to be a problem in areas such as KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga. They produce attractive white, scented, 5-petalled flowers with lots of delicate white-yellow stamens.
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Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Winter

Harvesting

There is a distinctive change in the colour and aroma of a guava when it ripens. For the best flavour, allow the fruit to ripen on the tree, however the fruit can also be picked green-mature to ripen of the tree at room temperature. Place the fruit in a brown paper bag with a banana or apple if you'd like to hasten ripening.

Propagation

Seed

Source fresh seeds, obtained from a quality source. Prepare a pot and fill it with a seed starting soil mix that contains ample organic matter. Press the seed gently into the soil mix and make sure that you cover the seed with a bit of soil mix. Place the container in a warm place and keep an eye on the pot and water when needed. The seed should germinate in about 2 - 8 weeks.

Special features

Pot plant

Attracts birds

Drought resistant

Attractive flowers

Special features

Origin

Tropical regions of Central and South America

Natural climate

Tropical, frost-free areas

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Loam

Soil PH preference

Neutral

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Edible

Fruits are eaten fresh or porcessed into jams, jellies and preserves.

Personality

Family

Myrtaceae

Flower colour

White, Yellow

Scent

Mild
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Knowledge and advice

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