A picture of a Gourd

Gourd

Langenaria spp.

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Tender

13b

USDA zone

18°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

9m

Max

9m

1m

Min

1m

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

Gourd Overview

Gourds come in three general types: ornamental gourds, utilitarian gourds, and vegetable sponge gourds. Ornamental gourds are brightly colored and oddly shaped, typically used as decoration. The have orange and yellow flowers. Utilitarian gourds are green while growing, and then dry a brown shade. These gourds flower white and are most often used for tools and utensils because of their tough shell. Vegetable sponge gourds have a shell that can be peeled off, revealing a center that can be used as a sponge. These have yellow flowers while growing. Consider training ornamental gourds. If you’re growing ornamental gourds, it is common for growers to train them into interesting shapes and structures. The two general ways to train the shape of a gourd is either by bending over time, or by creating a mould by placing the small fruit inside a breakable vessel of some sort (like a vase). When the gourd has grown, it will fill the container and match its shape; you simply have to break the mould to remove it when done.

Common problems with Gourd

Small gourds can be susceptible to the same problems as cucumbers and pumpkins. Avoid planting in the same spot 2 years in a row to minimise the chance of disease occurance.

    How to harvest Gourd

    Leave the gourds to cure on the vine. When your gourds have reached their full size, the vine they’re growing on will start to die off on its own. Then they are ready for harvesting. Give them several weeks for the curing process to harden off.

    How to propagate Gourd

    Seed

    Sow indoors at the end of winter and transplant later or sow in situ if warmer outside. Gourds take about 180 days total from planting till they produce ripe fruit.

    Special features of Gourd

    Attractive leaves

    Huge green leaves provide shade if trained up.

    Attractive fruits

    Most pretty fruits sometimes in odd shapes and even in mixed colors. Fruits vary in shapes and sizes.

    Other uses of Gourd

    Edible

    Some gourds have edible flesh.

    Decoration and holders or utensils

    Dried gourds will remain pretty for a long time. Use as decoration. Sometimes the insides are removed and the hard shell used as holders, cups or to make utencils. Kalbassies were used to store and carry water and milk by Khoi and San people.