This plant has a mild fragrance
This species grows easily with little maintenance and produces pea-like flowers and an abundance of edible seed pods. They can add nitrogen to the soil, making them ideal plants for organic vegetable gardens. The plants are easily cultivated but are susceptible to several diseases, such as rust, blight, and wilt. Generally, beans are warm-season annuals that grow erect (bush types) or as vines (pole or running types). The seeds contain a lot of protein and so are often used as a meat substitute. There are many different varieties of bean in all kinds of colours and textures that have been derived from the original species.
Beans are susceptible to a variety of insects with beetles being the most common; these insects can easily be picked off by hand or sprayed with soapy water. Excessive heat and humidity can cause a variety of disease problems in beans.
Beans are picked at an immature stage when the seeds inside have not yet fully developed. Look for firm, sizable pods and snap or cut off the plant. Do not tear the plant.
Plant seeds during the Spring after the last frost. Sow 5cm deep and 5-10cm apart directly in the bed. Thin bush beans to 10cm apart. Thin pole beans to 15cm apart and provide a structure to train up.
Beans are legumes and so enrich the soil with Nitrogen.
Green Beans are high in Vitamin C and fibre. They can be eaten fresh in salads or eaten as a cooked vegetable.