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A picture of a Coconut

Coconut

Cocos nucifera

Also known as

Coco Palm

Cocos-nucifera-20070216-021 by Gary Houston (CC0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Tender

13b

USDA zone

18°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

30m

Max

7m

12m

Min

5m

7 years to reach maturity

Fruiting

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

Coconuts fall from trees when fully mature, and are easily collected from the ground.

More images

Starr 010420-0108 Cocos nucifera
Cocos nucifera 01
A photo of Coconut
A photo of Coconut
A photo of Coconut

Overview

The Coconut Palm, Cocos nucifera is a large palm species, growing up to 30 m tall. Old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth. Coconuts are generally classified into two general types: tall and dwarf. On fertile soil, a palm can yield up to 75 fruits per year, but more often yields less than 30. Coconuts are large, dry oval-shaped drupes, encased in thick fibrous husks. The skin is green, yellow, or bronze-gold, turning to brown, depending on cultivar and maturity. Seeds are filled with endosperm, which is solid and sticks to the seed coat, and also in liquid form, called “milk”.

Common problems

Propagation

Seed

Seeds spread via ocean currents and germinates when kept moist.

Special Features

Attractive leaves

Attractive fruits

Uses

Edible

Fruits yield "milk", oil and have a thick white fleshy layer.

Cosmetic

Coconut oil