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Cucumber

Cucumis sativus

Cucumbers are a salad vegetable from the gourd family. Cucumber plants grow in two forms: vining or bush. Vines scramble along the ground or climb up trellises or other supporting frames, wrap around supports with thin spiraling tendrils, while bush types form a more compact plant. Generally, vining cucumbers yield more fruit throughout the growing season, while bush selections are especially suited to containers and small gardens. The plant has large leaves that form a canopy over the fruit, which is roughly cylindrical, elongated with tapered ends, that can grow up to 60 cm long and 10 cm in diameter. Having an enclosed seed and developing from a flower, botanically speaking, cucumbers are classified as pepoes, a type of botanical berry. Much like tomatoes and squash they are often also perceived, prepared and eaten as vegetables. Cucumbers are usually more than 90% water.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Summer, Spring
Fruiting time
Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Pick cucumbers when they are green, firm, slightly crispy and a good size.

Propagation

Seed
Sow either in situ or sow indoors and transplant outside later once the seedlings have been established. Sow in - Spring. Space seed 0.5-1m apart and 10mm deep; Germination time usually 7-10 days.

Special features

Indoor plant
Can be grown both indoors and outdoors.
Crop rotation
Heavy Feeder

Geography

Origin
Southern Asia
Natural climate
Hot and sub-tropical

Environment

Light
Full Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam
Soil PH preference
Alkaline, Neutral
Frost hardiness
Tender

Uses

Edible
The fruits and flowers are edible and are usually consumed fresh in salads or grated and mixed with greek yoghurt to make tsatsiki.
Notes
Culinary

Personality

Family
Cucurbitaceae
Flower colour
Yellow
Scent
Mild

Problems

Alternaria leaf blight, Angular leaf spot, Anthracnose, Aphids, Aster yellows, Bacterial leaf spot, Bacterial wilt, Damping-off, Cabbage looper, Cucumber beetles, Cucumber green mottle mosaic, Cucumber mosaic, Cutworms, Downy mildew, Fusarium wilt, Stinkbugs, Target leaf spot, Thrips, Verticillium wilt and Watermelon mosaic are common pests and diseases that are found on cucumbers.
Aphids
Aphidoidea spp.

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