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A picture of a Canola


Brassica napus var. napus

Also known as

Rapeseed, Oilseed Rape, Swede, Rutabaga, Rape, Kanola (Afr.)

Brassica napus var. napus (3484934557) by contri (CC BY-SA 2.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Light watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Canola

A field of yellow flowers Brassica napus var. napus.
A close up of a green fruit pod of Rapeseed Oil.
A close up of the upright yellow flower stem of Rapeseed growing in a field.
A photo of Canola

Canola Overview

Canola are annual easy-to-grow herbs with compound leaves that bear bright yellow flowers in summer. The plant is used to make rapeseed oil, which is used for cooking and as a salad oil, as well as in mayonnaise and margarine. Rapeseed have a high vitamin C and mineral content. The registered name comes from a company in Canada, hence Can(Canada)o(oil)la(low acid)!

Common problems with Canola

Alternaria leaf spot, blackleg, black rot, cabbage aphid, cutworms, downy mildew, flea beetles, white mould, and white rust.

    How to harvest Canola

    Rapeseed is a fast-ripening plant and is ready for harvest when the seeds turn from green to black. Rapeseed is mechanically harvested by combine, swathing or cut by hand.

    How to propagate Canola


    Sow seeds shallowly, 2–3 cm deep, 18–23 cm apart in Spring and 40 cm apart in Winter. Germination takes 4-10 days.

    Special features of Canola

    Attracts useful insects

    Attracts hoverflies which consume aphids, as well as attracting bees and butterflies.

    Crop rotation

    Useful as an alternative crop in crop rotation.

    Other uses of Canola



    The seeds are edible and are used to produce Rapeseed Oil/Canola Oil.