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A picture of a Bulrush

Bulrush

Typha capensis

Also known as

Papkuil (Afr.)

Full Sun
Easy care
Frequent watering
Tender

8a-11b

USDA zone

-12°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

2.5m

Max

50cm

1.5m

Min

30cm

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images

A photo of Bulrush
A photo of Bulrush
A photo of Bulrush
A photo of Bulrush
A photo of Bulrush

Overview

A perennial aquatic plant with flower spikes that are velvety brown and leaves that are long and strap-like that are up to 1.5m in length. Flowering during Summer and seeds are wind and water dispersed. Some regard the plant as a pest (invader) due to it's fast growing nature and easy germination from wind born-seed. It has strong lateral roots from rhizomes that can tolerate full submergence in water and drought conditions. Provides shelter for frogs and other aquatic life. Used as a traditional medicine for treating venereal diseases, during pregnancy, to improve circulation, for diarrhoea and dysentery. The rhizomes and pollen can be eaten by humans and leaves in weaving of hand brooms and thatching. The flowers can be dipped in kerosene for torches. The plant is also used in water purification. Uses: Used in weaving, a food source and has traditional medicinal uses. ZA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape.

Common problems

Problem free

    Companion plants

    Wachendorfia thyrsiflora, Nymphaea sp., Cyperus sp.

    Harvesting

    Roots can be harvested and dried to make a powder/flour as a carbohydrate.

    Propagation

    Seed

    Sow seeds in Autumn very shallow in moist soil.

    Rhizomes

    Break a piece of rhizome off to replant in a new location.

    Special Features

    Attracts birds

    Wet sites

    Uses

    Used in weaving, a food source and has traditional medicinal uses.

    Medicinal

    Edible

    Roots can be harvested and dried to make a powder/flour as a carbohydrate.