Red Alder

Cunonia capensis

Butterspoon Tree, Rooiels (Afr.), Umlulama (Zulu), Umqwashube (Xhosa)

1 of 4
1 of 4
A tall evergreen tree that naturally occurs in watercourses and damp areas in South Africa. Has glossy green leaves with a sharp toothed margin and the young shoots are reddish in colour and enclosed in two large spoon-shaped stipules. The flowers are small and creamy white clustered along a flower stalk (like a bottle-brush). It is a very attractive garden plant that grows well in wet areas and attracts insects and birds when in flower (Summer and Autumn). Traditionally used to treat nervous complaints. The wood is used to make furniture, as it has a very fine grain and is a hard wood. Uses: A fast growing and decorative garden tree. Used as timber and to treat some nervous conditions. ZA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Western Cape.
Free download for your phone or tablet
Download on the App StoreGet it on Google Play

Related Plants

Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Summer, Autumn

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Harvest as needed.

Propagation

Seed

Sowing time in Autumn - keep moist.

Special features

Attracts birds

Attracts useful insects

Wet sites

Hedge plant

Effective green hedge.

Attractive flowers

Special features

Origin

Africa, South Africa to Mozambique

Natural climate

Temperate coastal to montane forests

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Wet

Soil type

Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Acid

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Medicinal

Use to treat some nervous conditions.

Notes

A fast growing and decorative garden tree. Used as timber and

Personality

Family

Cunoniaceae

Flower colour

Cream

Scent

None

Problems

Problem free

Companion plants

Podocarpus sp., Kiggelaria africana and other evergreen tree species

Credits

profile iconCunonia capensis
by Alice Aubrey, Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden, January 2001 (Copyright South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa)
Free download for your phone or tablet
Download on the App StoreGet it on Google Play

Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
Download on the App StoreGet it on Google Play