A picture of a Maidenhair Fern

Maidenhair Fern

Adiantum capillus-veneris

Also known as

Nooienshaarvaring (Afr.), Venus's hair, Southern maidenhair fern, Black maidenhair fern

Full Shade
Moderate care
Moderate watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size









More images of Maidenhair Fern

A photo of Maidenhair Fern
A photo of Maidenhair Fern
A photo of Maidenhair Fern
A photo of Maidenhair Fern

Maidenhair Fern Overview

Adiantum capillus-veneris is a delicate fast growing fern with flat heart-shaped leaflets carried by a wiry black stem. New fronds are lime green in colour, are shallowly lobed held in arching fronds. Black Maidenhair Fern is a very well known indoor and garden fern. It grows under narrow conditions near a mountain stream and is very sensitive to direct sunlight, wind, very cold temperatures and drying out. Needs good light if kept indoors and soil needs to be moist at all times. It is a beautiful, delicate pot plant with some traditional medicinal uses.

Common problems with Maidenhair Fern

Important to keep the plants in fresh water. Refill water regularly to avoid disease build-up. Can suffer from scale insects.

Maidenhair Fern Companion Plants

Moss and other ferns

How to harvest Maidenhair Fern

Collect spores by placing a white paper underneath a leaf and shake lightly. The grey spores can be stored or sow immedately.

How to propagate Maidenhair Fern


Divide the underground rhizomes attached to a leaf to make more plants and replant immediately.


Collect ripe spores from underneath leafs and place in damp area. Ferns grow in two phases - wait patiently for the true ferns to grow and replant when slightly bigger.


Divide a florishing plant and repot immeadiately.


Special features of Maidenhair Fern

Pot plant

Good container plants for growing in the home as houseplants.

Attractive leaves

Other uses of Maidenhair Fern

This low maintenance fern is grown as a houseplant in the uk but it also suits urban chic courtyard/patio gardens as under planting in flower beds/borders.


Beautiful, delicate pot plant


Traditionally used as a medicine for colds, asthma, coughs and kidney problems.

Indigenous Ferns

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