Brazilian Pepper Tree

Schinus terebinthifolia

Brazilian Peppertree, Christmas Berry Tree, Florida Holly, Broad Leaf Pepper Tree

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The Brazilian Peppertree, Schinus terebinthifolia is widely grown as an ornamental plant in frost-free regions of South America for its foliage and fruit. It is considered as a melliferous flower and is the main source of food for the bee Tetragonisca angustula, which is an important honey producer. Brazilian pepper is hard to remove because it produces basal shoots if the trunk is cut. Trees also produce abundant seeds that are dispersed by birds and ants. This same hardiness makes the tree highly useful for reforestation in its native environment but enables it to become invasive outside of its natural range. It is regarded is highly invasive in South Africa and other parts of the world.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer, Spring

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Generally not harvested

Propagation

Seed

Ease of germination makes this species highly opportunistic and invasive.

Special features

Attracts birds

Birds feed on the berries.

Attracts bees

Special features

Origin

South America, southeastern Brazil, northern Argentina, and Paraguay, subtropical and tropical areas

Natural climate

Subtropical

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Loam

Soil PH preference

Neutral

Frost hardiness

Half-Hardy

Uses

Medicinal

It is used in South and Central America as a wound healer, mild laxative, and diuretic. The sap, however, can cause skin irritation for sensitive skin.

Personality

Family

Anacardiaceae

Flower colour

White

Scent

None
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