Brazilian Pepper Tree
Brazilian Peppertree, Christmas Berry Tree, Florida Holly, Broad Leaf Pepper Tree
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The Brazilian Peppertree, Schinus terebinthifolia is widely grown as an ornamental plant in frost-free regions of South America for its foliage and fruit. It is considered as a melliferous flower and is the main source of food for the bee Tetragonisca angustula, which is an important honey producer. Brazilian pepper is hard to remove because it produces basal shoots if the trunk is cut. Trees also produce abundant seeds that are dispersed by birds and ants. This same hardiness makes the tree highly useful for reforestation in its native environment but enables it to become invasive outside of its natural range. It is regarded is highly invasive in South Africa and other parts of the world.
Generally not harvested
Ease of germination makes this species highly opportunistic and invasive.
Birds feed on the berries.
South America, southeastern Brazil, northern Argentina, and Paraguay, subtropical and tropical areas
Soil PH preference
It is used in South and Central America as a wound healer, mild laxative, and diuretic. The sap, however, can cause skin irritation for sensitive skin.